The US- India relationship has always been based on strategic partnerships. The relationship also has its some challenges, issues, grapple and benefits. But at this time, the question arises in the hearts of many people that how US presidential election 2020 will affect the relationship of US and India. What impact will be laid on people with the election of the new president of the US? Donald Trump for the Republican and Joe Biden stands for the Democrats have said far less concerning India. But Biden's remarks on Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), its National Register of Citizens (NRC) project and the restoration of liberties in Kashmir, have sparked debate in India. Whether Donald Trump presidency is better for India than Joe Biden.
Under Trump's presidency, defence ties were strengthened but the economic background wasn't surfaced. As he restricted the temporary work visas such as H-1B and L-class visas until the end of the year, which has caused a detrimental impact on Indians. On which the United States argued that, since temporary workers were accompanied by their spouse, children who were also allowed to work in the US, that has been negatively affecting the job prospects of native Americans. Donald Trump proclaimed that around 500,000 natives lost their jobs and especially newly-graduating American citizens were being affected by the severe job crisis. Banning temporary visas for the temporary period would open up over lakhs of jobs to native American citizens. However, Trump's decision has faced scathing criticism from the prominent IT companies and policymakers. Another subject where India faced a difference with the US was the purchase of oil from Iran.
Iran is strategically important to India, as Chabahar Port in Iran is Indias gateway to Afghanistan and Central Asia for its Trade. Trump's insensitivity to Indias request for a waiver to purchase oil from Iran caused a strategic lose to India as Iran has grown closer to Pakistan and has criticised the abrogation of Article 370. The sour ties between India and Iran have led to slow down of work on Chabahar project. But amidst the pandemic, India had used its Chabahar Port to transport relief materials and medical aid to Afghanistan. At this point, India's biggest threat is China. Interestingly amidst COVID-19 pandemic, the US has taken a firm stance against China. Especially at a time of global economic crises and the US has several trades with China.
On the other side of the coin, if Biden is elected as the next President of the US, thinking of absolute convergence between India and the US may not be possible. Although, the absolute convergence is next to impossible. Under a Democrat president, US- India relationship is likely to remain robust and could economically strengthen if he goes by his statements from when he was Vice-President. India's relationship with the US is driven by mutual strategic interests and the geopolitical situation. Rather some personal chemistry between leaders. When Biden was US senator, he voted in favour of the Indo-US Nuclear Deal. Even the supported strengthening the bilateral economic relationship. Indian diaspora in the US has traditionally backed the Democratic Party but still, Democrat policymakers stood in favour of economic ties with India and issues such as temporary work visas. The sceptical point that Democrats forget, is the current closeness in the US-India relationship, which was created by a Democrat, Bill Clinton.
It is important to realise that India cannot afford to adopt a simplistic approach to foreign policies and issues. US- India ties are driven by geopolitical, mutual economical dynamics. To pave the way for the closer relationship countries must identify their strengths which will ensure the strategic ties continue to grow. On the off chance that the convergence among India and the US depends on more profound shared qualities, for example, vote based system, assorted variety and duty to fortifying globalization as opposed to simply gatherings and characters, Indian interests ought not to be influenced; indeed, the relationship would be heartier. Such an organization would be better positioned to take on China's combativeness and progressively authoritative propensities.